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What is Nanotechnology in CBD?

What is Nanotechnology in CBD?
June 11, 2020

Nanotechnology may sound like something out of a movie, but it may be able to improve the effectiveness of CBD.

What Is Nanotechnology?

Nanotechnology refers to any type of technology that is smaller than 100 nanometers. One nanometer is one thousand-millionth of a meter, and to put that into perspective, a human hair is roughly 100,000 nanometers wide. So as you can imagine, nanotechnology is very, very small.

Nanotechnology and CBD

Nanotechnology is especially exciting when it comes to the future of CBD. CBD itself is too large to be used in nanotechnology, with a CBD molecule measuring at around 4,440 nanometers in diameter. But while CBD may be too big for nanotechnology in its natural size, the excitement lies in the potential of CBD molecules to be shrunk to nanotechnology sizes, making the compound more
easily absorbed.

But Is This Actually Possible?

While it might sound like something out of a science fiction film, nanotechnology does exist and current research tells us that CBD can be made more absorbable through nanotechnology.

A 2017 review of nanotechnology and phytochemicals found that nano-sized drug delivery systems can increase the bio-availability of phytochemicals such as CBD by reducing their size, increasing their solubility, absorption, and stability and protecting them from degradation and metabolism (1).

Why Is This Important?

Phytochemicals like CBD have low solubility, are unstable, and often struggle to penetrate cell barriers due to being unable to dissolve in water. All of these factors mean that CBD can have low bio-availability and therefore only induce minimal effects, especially when used as a topical treatment (2).

By using nano-sized delivery technology to deliver CBD in a smaller, more soluble and more stable state, nanotechnology may provide us with a CBD product that is more effective and more reliable.

The Bottom Line

While CBD has demonstrated a range of health benefits, its size and structure mean it can have a low bio-availability. Nanotechnology may be able to increase the solubility, reduce its size, and therefore increase the bio-availability of CBD.